Annihilation Of Caste By B R Ambedkar
Annihilation of Caste is an undelivered speech by Dr. B.R.Ambedkar which he later self-published in 1936. The subject of the speech was based on the harmful effects of casteism in Hindu society. It was written to be used as the presidential address for the Jat-Pat Todak Mandal annual conference, which is a reformist Hindu group. However, this invitation was withheld sometime down the line as the address was labeled to have ‘unbearable’ content. Gandhiji also made some strict remarks about the speech accusing it of being anti-congress. In the after edition of this book, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar replied to Mahatma Gandhi’s comments that he had made in his magazine Harijan. It was translated in Tamil in the year 1937. This essay talks about the caste system and the need for its destruction. He felt that in order to annihilate caste, India needs to debunk the Manusmritis. He discussed several ways in which the discrimination based on caste could be erased. He was a supporter of inter-caste marriages. He advocated the absolute destruction of archaic texts that have been perpetuating the caste system and the rules around it from Indian society. This essay is still very relevant for India because of the national debate and tremor that has been felt, especially in the education sector due to politics channeled through the caste system. Reading Ambedkar’s revolutionizing speech in ‘Annihilation of caste’ opens your eyes to the perils faced by the Dalit community and makes you aware of their fight for equality. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar wanted everyone to realize that Dalits are an integral part of our society and not just a mere pawn in the political ideology.